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Information about different types of diabetes

Chances are that you or someone you know has diabetes. Therefore, you may recognize the terms type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes, as this is how we have traditionally categorized variations of this condition.

Learn more about each type and learn how more information on the subject can help you have more control over your or your loved one's condition.

Type 1 diabetes If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make the insulin your body needs to carry glucose (blood sugar) through the bloodstream to the cells of your body. Therefore, it is essential to closely monitor insulin therapy and diet. You may be prescribed slow-acting insulin to help regulate glucose levels between meals, and rapid-acting insulin to regulate glucose levels after meals.

Type 2 diabetes On the diabetes spectrum, type 2 occurs in most people. In this variety, the body becomes resistant to insulin (the pancreas continues to produce insulin, but your cells no longer respond as they should). The pancreas increases insulin production by trying to force cells to work. Type 2 diabetes has serious health complications. Your endocrinologist will work closely with you to help you better manage the condition.

While there is no cure for diabetes, the good news is that it is very treatable if properly controlled.

Gestational diabetes Pregnancy can lead to insulin resistance, resulting in high blood sugar. But since gestational diabetes usually has no symptoms, screening for it is part of your routine prenatal care check-up. It usually occurs during weeks 24-28 of pregnancy, but your obstetrician may order a test earlier if they think you are at higher risk for it.

Failure to treat diabetes of any kind can cause blindness, stroke, heart disease, nerve damage, limb amputations, and kidney failure.

Diabetes Treatments Your primary care physician will act as the centralized care manager and will work with your endocrinologist (the specialist who treats diabetes), a registered dietitian or nutritionist, an ophthalmologist, a podiatrist, a dentist, a diabetes educator, and a pharmacist. Failure to treat diabetes of any kind can cause blindness, stroke, heart disease, nerve damage, limb amputations, and kidney failure.

Check Your Diabetes Risk While diabetes has no cure, the good news is that it is highly treatable if properly controlled. Knowing the risks, symptoms, complications and treatments of each type allows you to have more control over the disease and access faster medical treatment that can prevent long-term complications.

For more information, visit: or call 407-605-3269

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